Information Security and Cryptography Research Group

Efficient Three-Party Computation from Cut-and-Choose

Seung Geol Choi, Jonathan Katz, Alex J. Malozemoff, and Vassilis Zikas

Advances in Cryptology — CRYPTO 2014, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer-Verlag, vol. 8617, pp. 513-530, Aug 2014.

With relatively few exceptions, the literature on efficient (practical) secure computation has focused on secure two-party computation (2PC). It is, in general, unclear whether the techniques used to construct practical 2PC protocols—in particular, the cut-and-choose approach—can be adapted to the multi-party setting.

In this work we explore the possibility of using cut-and-choose for practical secure three-party computation. The three-party case has been studied in prior work in the semi-honest setting, and is motivated by the observation that real-world deployments of multi-party computation are likely to involve few parties. We propose a constant-round protocol for three-party computation tolerating any number of malicious parties, whose computational cost is only a small constant worse than that of state-of-the-art two-party protocols.

BibTeX Citation

    author       = {Seung Geol Choi and Jonathan Katz and Alex J. Malozemoff and Vassilis Zikas},
    title        = {Efficient Three-Party Computation from Cut-and-Choose},
    editor       = {Juan A. Garay and Rosario Gennaro},
    booktitle    = {Advances in Cryptology --- CRYPTO 2014},
    pages        = 513-530,
    series       = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
    volume       = 8617,
    year         = 2014,
    month        = 8,
    publisher    = {Springer-Verlag},

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